on French Revolution "What is liberty without virtue? It is madness, without restraint!"; "All that is necessary
for evil to triumph is for good men to do nothing"-Edmund Burke, British Statesman
"ALL that is necessary for evil to triumph is for good men to do nothing."
This famous quote was from British statesman Edmund Burke,
who was born JANUARY 12, 1729.
He was considered the most influential
orator in the House of Commons.
Edmund Burke stands
out in history because as a member of the British Parliament, he defended the rights of the American
colonies and strongly opposed the slave trade.
A man of
principle, Edmund Burke wrote in his Will: "First, according to the ancient, good, and laudable custom,
of which my heart and understanding recognize the propriety, I bequeath my soul to God, hoping for His mercy
through the only merits of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ."
When America's Revolutionary War began, Edmund Burke addressed Parliament with "A Second Speech on the
Conciliation with America," March 22, 1775: " The people are Protestants; and of that
kind which is the most adverse to all implicit submission of mind and opinion. This is a persuasion not only
favorable to liberty, but built upon it ..."
Burke continued: " All Protestantism ... is a sort of dissent. But the religion
most prevalent in our Northern Colonies is a refinement on the principle of resistance; it is the dissidence
of dissent, and the protestantism of the Protestant religion."
New York University Professor Emeritus Patricia U. Bonomi wrote in her article "Religious
Pluralism in the Middle Colonies" that "... the colonists were about 98 percent Protestant."
Edmund Burke is quoted in The Works and Correspondence
of the Right Honorable Edmund Burke, Volume VI: "The Scripture ... is a most
remarkable, but most multifarious, collection of the records of the Divine economy; a collection of an infinite
variety of theology, history, prophecy, psalmody, morality, allegory, legislation, carried through different books, by different
authors, at different ages, for different ends and purposes."
1789, the French Revolution started with the vaunted motto of "Liberty, Equality and Fraternity."
Robespierre led the "Committee of Public Safety"
-- France's Department of Homeland Security.
He gave a Speech to
the National Convention, February 5, 1794, titled "Terror Justified": "Lead the people by
means of reason and ... by terror ... Terror is nothing else than swift, severe,
indomitable justice; it flows, then, from virtue."
hard as it is to imagine, the government actually planned and carried out terrorist attacks on its own people.
Robespierre's Reign of Terror resulted in over
40,000 French citizens being beheaded in Paris, and over 300,000 massacred in the Vendée,
a rural, very religious, Catholic area of northwest France.
French General Francois Joseph Westermann wrote to the Committee of Public Safety stating: "There is no more
Vendée ... According to the orders that you gave me, I crushed the children under the feet of the horses, massacred
the women who, at least for these, will not give birth to any more brigands. I do not have a prisoner to reproach me. I have
During the French Revolution:
churches were closed or used for "immoral ... lurid ... licentious ... scandalous ... depravities." The Cathedral
of Our Lady of Strasbourg was made into a Temple of Reason; crosses were forbidden; religious monuments were destroyed; graves
were ransacked and desecrated, including those of Good King Henry IV, and Ste. Genevieve, who had called Paris to pray to
avert an attack of Attila the Hun in 451AD; public and private worship and religious education were outlawed; treaties were
broken resulting in the capture of 300 American ships headed to British ports.
the French Minister of Foreign Affairs, demanded the U.S. pay millions in bribes to stop France from raiding
A politician skilled in obfuscation, Talleyrand
stated: "We were given speech to hide our thoughts."
The French Revolution instituted an intentional campaign to de-christianize French society, replacing it with a
civic religion of state worship.
Robespierre placed a
prostitute in Notre Dame Cathedral, clothed her with a sheet, and called her 'the goddess of reason'.
Not wanting a constitution "Done in the Year of the Lord"
-- as America's was -- France made 1792 the new "Year One."
Not wanting a seven day week with a Sabbath day rest, as that came from the Bible, they came up with a ten
day "decade" week.
Each day was made up of ten
decimal hours, each hour made up of one hundred decimal minutes, and each minute was made up of
one hundred decimal seconds.
the number of man -- as man had ten fingers and ten toes -- they created a system where every measurement
was divisible by ten, calling it the "metric system."
The first to be beheaded was King Louis XVI, who had previously sent his navy to
help America gain its independence.
Next to be beheaded was Queen
When the country's situation did not improve, Robespierre
accused the royalty, resulting in all of them being beheaded.
When the situation did not improve, the wealthy were beheaded, followed by business
owners, farmers and those who hoarded food.
the situation did not improve, the religious clergy were beheaded. Their speaking out against the immoral
behavior was somehow considered as holding back the nation from achieving a secular utopia.
Religious orders of nuns and lay sisters, were sent to the guillotine for refusing to
deny their faith and obey the Civil Constitution of the Clergy, such as the Martyrs of Compiègne, being buried in a
Priests and ministers, along with those who harbored
them, were executed on sight, similar to what happened in Mexico in 1917.
When France's situation did not improve, Robespierre accused those who had been the initial revolutionaries
but were now calling for moderation.
They were considered disloyal and beheaded.
Finally, Robespierre himself was accused, arrested
Proverbs 26:27 "Whoso diggeth
a pit shall fall therein: and he that rolleth a stone, it will return upon him."
Lawless street mobs cast off all moral restraint in unprecedented debauchery and violence.
The seeds of this behavior were planted a generation earlier by Voltaire -- now they came to fruition.
The French Revolution became
a model for every socialist and communist revolution, which always end in dictatorship and mass deaths.
British Statesman Lord Acton wrote: "What the French
took from the Americans was their theory of revolution, not their theory of government - their cutting, not their sewing."
Best-selling author Os Guinness
stated in an interview with Dr. Albert Mohler, ( Thinking in Public, June 5, 2017): "The culture war now at
its deepest roots is actually a clash between 1776, what was the American Revolution, and 1789 and heirs
of the French Revolution."
Amid France's social
and domestic instability, Napoleon began to rise toward dictatorship.
Regarding the bloody French Revolution, Edmund Burke wrote in
"A Letter to a Member of the National Assembly," 1791: " What is liberty without
wisdom and without virtue? It is the greatest of all possible evils; for it is folly, vice, and
madness, without restraint. Men are qualified for civil liberty in exact proportion to their disposition
to put moral chains upon their own appetites; in proportion as they are disposed to listen to the counsels
of the wise and good in preference to the flattery of knaves ..."
continued: "Society cannot exist, unless a controlling power upon will and appetite be placed somewhere;
and the less of it there is within, the more there must be without. It is ordained in the eternal constitution
of things, that men of intemperate minds cannot be free. Their passions forge their fetters."
Noah Webster wrote "Political Fanaticism, No.III,"
published in The American Minerva, September 21, 1796: "The reason why severe laws are necessary in France,
is, that the people have not been educated republicans - they do not know how to govern themselves (and so) must be governed
by severe laws and penalties, and a most rigid administration."
In 1799, Alexander Hamilton condemned the French Revolution's attack on Christianity
as: "... (depriving) mankind of its best consolations and most animating hopes, and to make a gloomy desert of the universe
... The praise of a civilized world is justly due to Christianity; - war, by the influence of the humane principles of that
religion, has been stripped of half its horrors. The French renounce Christianity, and they relapse into barbarism; - war
resumes the same hideous and savage form which it wore in the ages of Gothic and Roman violence ..."
Hamilton wrote further on France: "Opinions
... have been gradually gaining ground, which threaten the foundations of religion, morality, and society. An attack was first
made upon the Christian revelation, for which natural religion was offered as the substitute. The Gospel was to be discarded
as a gross imposture, but the being and attributes of God, the obligations of piety, even the doctrine of a future state of
rewards and punishments, were to be retained and cherished."
the eve of the French Revolution, the first U.S. Minister to France, Gouverneur Morris, wrote April 29, 1789:
"The materials for a revolution in France are very indifferent... There is an utter prostration
of morals ... depravity ... extreme rottenness of every member ... ... The great masses of the common people
have no religion ... no law but their superiors, no morals but their interest ... In the high road
a la liberte ... the first use they make of it is to form insurrections everywhere."
Morris wrote Observation on Government, Applicable to the Political State of France, 1792: " Religion
is the only solid basis of good morals; therefore education should teach the precepts of religion, and the duties
of man toward God ... Provision should be made for maintaining divine worship as well as education ... Religion
is the relation between God and man; therefore it is not within the reach of human authority."
Gouverneur Morris, who died November 6, 1816, had spoken 173 times
during the Constitutional Convention, more than any other delegate.
As head of the Committee on Style, it was Gouverneur Morris who penned
the final draft of the Constitution and originated the phrase: "We the people of the United
Gouverneur Morris helped write New York's Constitution,
was elected U.S. Senator and pioneered the Erie Canal.
In the same
spirit of Edmund Burke, Gouverneur Morris addressed the Pennsylvania Assembly in 1785, regarding the Bank
of North America: "How can we hope for public peace and national prosperity, if the faith of governments so solemnly
pledged can be so lightly infringed? ... This hour of distress will come. It comes to all, and the moment of affliction
is known to Him alone, whose Divine Providence exalts or depresses States and Kingdoms ...
in proportion to their obedience or disobedience of His just and holy laws."
In Reflections on the Revolution in France, 1790, Edmund Burke wrote: "People will
not look forward to posterity who never look backward to their ancestors." On January 9, 1795, in a letter to William Smith, Edmund Burke stated: "All that
is necessary for evil to triumph is for good men to do nothing."