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Evolution, Part 3

"An increasing number of scientists, most particularly a growing number of evolutionists ... argue that Darwinian evolutionary theory is no genuine scientific theory at all ... Many of the critics have the highest intellectual credentials."

Michael Ruse, "Darwin's Theory: An Exercise in Science," New Scientist


Rejection of the Bible's account of creation as given in the Book of Genesis could rightly be called "Genecide," because it eradicated man's purpose of existence and left a whole generation with no certainty as to its beginning. Consequently, theories and tales of our origin have crept like primeval slime from the minds of those who don't know God. This intellectual genocide has given the godless a temporary license to labor to the extremes of their imagination, giving birth to painful conjecture about our human beginnings. They speak in speculation, the uncertain language of those who drift aimlessly across the endless sea of secular philosophy.

The Scriptures, on the other hand, deal only with truth and certainty. They talk of fact, reality, and purpose for man's existence. The darkness of the raging sea of futility retreats where the lighthouse of Genesis begins. Genesis explains the origins of sin, the curse, death, marriage, the family, government, and so on.

In teaching about the significance of marriage (Mark 10:6-9), Jesus confirmed that the creation of Adam and Eve was a real historical event when He quoted Genesis 1:27 and 2:24. In quoting from both chapters 1 and 2 of Genesis, He showed that these chapters are not contradictory as some claim. Chapter 2 merely gives the details of chapter 1. A sports commentator is not in error when (after a game) he gives an in-depth analysis and fails to repeat every detail in chronological order. He is merely reviewing the completed game by mentioning the highlights. In all, Genesis is quoted more than sixty times in seventeen books of the New Testament. It is foundational to understanding the gospel.

Creation in Six Days

Most theologians throughout church history agree that in using the phrase "the evening and the morning were the first day," the Scriptures are speaking of a literal 24-hour day, rather than a period of years.

In The Answers Book, Ken Ham (et al.) writes: "To understand the meaning of ‘day' in Genesis 1, we need to determine how the Hebrew word for ‘day,' yom, is used in the context of Scripture ... A number, and the phrase ‘evening and morning,' are used for each of the six days of creation (Genesis 1:5, 8, 13, 19, 23, 31). Outside Genesis 1, yom is used with a number 410 times, and each time it means an ordinary day-why would Genesis 1 be the exception? Outside Genesis 1, yom is used with the word ‘evening' or ‘morning' 23 times. ‘Evening' and ‘morning' appear in association, but without yom, 38 times. All 61 times the text refers to an ordinary day-why would Genesis 1 be the exception? In Genesis 1:5, yom occurs in context with the word ‘night.' Outside of Genesis 1, ‘night' is used with yom 53 times-and each time it means an ordinary day. Why would Genesis 1 be the exception? Even the usage of the word ‘light' with yom in this passage determines the meaning as an ordinary day."

As a professor of Hebrew at Oxford University, Dr. James Barr stated, "So far as I know, there is no professor of Hebrew or Old Testament at any world-class university who does not believe that the writer(s) of Genesis 1-11 intended to convey to their readers the idea that (a) creation took place in a series of six days which were the same as the days of 24 hours we now experience; (b) the figures contained in the Genesis genealogies provided by simple addition a chronology from the beginning of the world up to later stages in the biblical story; (c) Noah's Flood was understood to be worldwide and extinguish all human and animal life except for those in the ark."

Points to Ponder About the Flood and Noah's Ark

By Dr. Kent Hovind

Second Peter 3:3-8 tells us that people who scoff at the Bible are "willingly ignorant" of the Creation and the Flood. In order to understand science and the Bible, we must not be ignorant of those two great events in the Earth's history.

1.   Over 500 Flood legends from all parts of the world have been found. Most have similarities to the Genesis account.

2.   Noah's ark was built only to float, not to sail anywhere. Many ark scholars believe that the ark was a "barge" shape, not a pointed "boat" shape. This would greatly increase the cargo capacity. Scoffers have pointed out that the largest sailing ships were less than 300 feet because of the problem of twisting and flexing the boat. These ships had giant masts and sails to catch the wind. Noah's ark needed neither of those and therefore had far less torsional stress.

3.   Even using the small 18-inch cubit (my height is 6′1″ and I have a 21-inch cubit), the ark was large enough to hold all the required animals, people, and food with room to spare.

4.   The length-to-width ratio of 6 to 1 is what shipbuilders today often use. This is the best ratio for stability in stormy weather.

5.   The ark may have had a "moon-pool" in the center. The larger ships would have a hole in the center of the bottom of the boat with walls extending up into the ship. There are several reasons for this feature:

a)   It allowed water to go up into the hole as the ship crested waves. This would be needed to relieve strain on longer ships.

b)   The rising and lowering water acted as a piston to pump fresh air in and out of the ship. This would prevent the buildup of dangerous gasses from all the animals on board.

c)   The hole was a great place to dump waste into the ocean without going outside.

6.   The ark may have had large drogue (anchor) stones suspended over the sides to keep it more stable in rough weather. Many of these stones have been found in the region where the ark landed.

7.   Noah lived for 950 years. Many Bible scholars believe the pre-Flood people were much larger than modern man. Skeletons over 11 feet tall have been found. If Noah were taller, his cubit (elbow to fingertip) would have been much larger also. This would make the ark larger by the same ratio.

8.   God told Noah to bring two of each kind (seven of some), not of each species or variety. Noah had only two of the dog kind, which would include the wolves, coyotes, foxes, mutts, etc. The "kind" grouping is probably closer to our modern family division in taxonomy, and would greatly reduce the number of animals on the ark. Animals have diversified into many varieties in the last 4,400 years since the Flood. This diversification is not anything similar to great claims that the evolutionists teach.

9.   Noah did not have to get the animals. God brought them to him ("shall come to thee," Genesis 6:20).

10. Only land-dwelling, air-breathing animals had to be included on the ark ("in which is the breath of life," Genesis 7:15, 22).

11. Many animals sleep, hibernate, or become very inactive during bad weather.

12. All animals and people were vegetarian before and during the Flood (Genesis 1:20-30; 9:3).

13. The pre-Flood people were probably much smarter and more advanced than people today. The longer life spans, Adam's direct contact with God, and the fact that they could glean the wisdom of many generations that were still alive would greatly expand their knowledge base.

14. The Bible says that the highest mountains were covered by 15 cubits [20 feet] of water (Genesis 7:20). This is half the height of the ark. The ark was safe from scraping bottom at all times.

15. The large mountains, as we have them today, did not exist until after the Flood when "the mountains arose and the valleys sank down" (Psalm 104:5-9; Genesis 8:3-8).

16. There is enough water in the oceans right now to cover the earth 8,000 feet deep if the surface of the earth were smooth.

17. Many claim to have seen the ark in recent times in the area in which the Bible says it landed. There are two primary schools of thought about the actual site of the ark. Much energy and time have been expended to prove both views. Some believe the ark is on Mt. Ararat, covered by snow (CBS showed a one-hour special in 1993 about this site). Others believe the ark is seventeen miles south of Mt. Ararat in a valley called "the valley of eight" (eight souls on the ark). The Bible says the ark landed in the "mountains" of Ararat, not necessarily on the mountain itself.

18. The continents were not separated until 100-300 years after the Flood (Genesis 10:25). The people and animals had time to migrate anywhere on earth by then.

19. The top 3,000 feet of Mt. Everest (26,000-29,000 feet) is made up of sedimentary rock packed with seashells and other ocean-dwelling animals.

20. Sedimentary rock is found all over the world. Sedimentary rock is formed in water.

21. Petrified clams in the closed position (found all over the world, even on top of Mount Everest) testify to their rapid burial while they were still alive.

22. Bent rock layers, fossil graveyards, and polystrata fossils are best explained by a Flood.

23. People choose to not believe in the Flood because it speaks of the judgment of God on sin (2 Peter 3:3-8).

One Common Ancestor

Science is finding evidence that what the Bible tells us is true: all of mankind is descended from one ancestor. In addition to being descendants of Noah after the Flood, we are all offspring of Adam. An article in U.S. News & World Report stated, "Researchers suggest that virtually all modern men-99% of them, says one scientist-are closely related genetically and share genes with one male ancestor, dubbed ‘Y-chromosome Adam.' We are finding that humans have very, very shallow genetic roots which go back very recently to one ancestor ... That indicates that there was an origin in a specific location on the globe, and then it spread out from there" (December 4, 1995).[1]

[1] Cameron, K., & Comfort, R. (2004). The school of biblical evangelism: 101 lessons: how to share your faith simply, effectively, biblically-the way Jesus did (pp. 433-439). Gainesville, FL: Bridge-Logos Publishers.